طراحی الگوی ارتقای امنیت سالن‌های والیبال ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد نقده

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه آزاد تهران مرکزی

3 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی

4 استادیار دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی

چکیده

هدف: نظر به این که امنیت برگزاری مسابقات والیبال از اهمیت بالایی برخوردار است، پژوهش حاضر با هدف طراحی الگوی ارتقای امنیت سالن‌های والیبال ایران انجام شده است.
روش‌شناسی: پژوهش حاضر از نوع توصیفی اکتشافی بود که تعداد 115 نفر از مدیران و دست‌اندرکاران سالن‌های والیبال ایران، رؤسا و کارشناسان هیئت‌های والیبال استان‌ها و نیز اساتید متخصص در زمینه اماکن و رویدادهای ورزشی و خشونت و پرخاشگری به پرسشنامه‌ی تعدیل یافته امنیت ورزشگاه (فرجی، 1393) پاسخ دادند. داده‌های جمع‌آوری شده با استفاده روش‌های آماری تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تأییدی تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که الگوی امنیت سالن‌های والیبال ایران حول چهار محور اصلی شامل مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی مسابقه، حفاظت فیزیکی ورزشگاه، زیرساختار و پرسنل و کارکنان به ترتیب با بارهای عاملی 94/0، 84/0، 84/0 و 83/0 قرار می‌گیرد. همچنین عامل فرعی فناوری بیشترین بار عاملی (89/0) را برای زیرساختار ، عامل فرعی کنترل مواد سمی و شیمیایی ورزشگاه بیشترین بار عاملی (91/0) را برای حفاظت فیزیکی، عامل فرعی آموزش و تمرین بیشترین بار عاملی (85/0) را برای پرسنل و کارکنان و در نهایت عامل فرعی مدیریت ریسک و بحران بیشترین بار عاملی (87/0) را برای مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی مسابقه داشت. 
نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس نتایج باید بیان کرد که توسعه امنیت سالن‌های والیبال کشور در گرو مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی صحیح قرار دارد. به همین دلیل توجه بر مفاهیم عملیاتی مدیریت بحران، مدیریت ارتباطات و تعاملات، کیفیت خدمات روز مسابقه و نیز اقدامات فرهنگی از الزامات مؤثر در حوزه امنیت سالن‌های والیبال ایران است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a security enhancement Model for Iranian Volleyball halls

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Hasan Harati 1
  • Farideh Ashrafi Ganjouei 2
  • Abdoreza Amirtash 3
  • Zinat Nikaeen 4
1 Assistant professor, Islamic Azad University, Naghadeh branch
2 Associate Professor, Sport management,physical Education ,Azad University Tehran branch
3 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University
4 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad university
چکیده [English]

Objective: As the security of holding volleyball matches is very important, the purpose of this study was to design a model for enhancement of the security of Iranian volleyball halls.
Methodology: The present study was a descriptive-exploratory study that 115 people from Iranian volleyball halls managers and authorities, heads and experts of volleyball associations of provinces, as well as university professors who were expert in the field of sport events and facility, and violence and aggression, responded modified stadium security questionnaire (Faraji, 2014). The collected data were analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis.
Results: The results showed that the Iranian volleyball halls’ security stand on around four principal areas including match planning and management, physical protection of stadium, infrastructure and personnel respectively with 0.94, 0.84, 0.84 and 0.83 factor loadings. Also, the technology has the most factor loading (0.89) for the infrastructure, the toxic and chemical control of stadium has the most factor loading (0.91) for the physical protection, training and practice has the most factor loading (0.85) for personnel and staff, and finally, the risk and crisis management has the most factor loading (0.87) for match management and planning.
Conclusion: According to the results, the development of security in Iran's volleyball halls depends on proper management and planning. For this reason, paying attention to the operational concepts of risk and crisis management, communication and interactions management, quality of match day services and cultural activities are necessary requirements in the field of security of Iranian volleyball halls.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Security
  • Volleyball hall
  • Violence
  • Aggression
  • model design
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