عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: Inequality and imbalance in the development procedure of provinces is the foreground of inequality in the social, economic and cultural contexts. Therefore, it is expected that sport as a sociocultural phenomenon, like other sectors, has an unequal and imbalanced development procedure. This study is aimed to analyze the procedure and changes in the development level of Iran's provinces competitive sport.
Methodology: This study is descriptive and analytic which has reviewed the development procedure of competitive sport of provinces between the years 2006 to 2012 by using 48 indicators. The statistical population was embraced all Iran’s provinces and the statistical sample was equal to statistical population and consist of 31 provinces which were in Iran’s countr divisions in 2012. Factor analysis was used to calculate mixed indicators and cluster analysis was used to determine the level of sport development of provinces.
Results: The study of development procedure of competitive sport revealed in 2006, that the level of competitive sport development of 8 percent of provinces was high and 6 percent of them were deprived and disadvantaged, while in six-year era, with increasing trend, the ratio of developed provinces in 2012 had changed to 43.3 percent, and the ratio of disadvantaged provinces had changed to 40 percent.
Conclusion: with consider to competitive sport development unequity in the country provinces, it is recommended that in future plannings and strategy codifications of competitive sport, priority of allocation of resources must be allocated to the periphery and perimeter provinces till in addition to preventing the migration of athletes and active human resources in sport in deprived provinces, to create the background of further promotion on this level of the sport in the country and to be success in international and worldwide competitions.