عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: The purpose of present research was to study the factors affecting fan behavioral abnormalities in Iranian handball super league competitions.
Methodology: The research method was quantitative analysis. The Statistical population was fans in Iranian handball super league competitions. Finally, the 407 fans, both male and female, were selected randomly as the sample. The structured questionnaire was used to collect data which its content and face validity was checked and verified by a group of experts. Cronbach's Alpha coefficient was used to test the reliability of the questionnaire (α=0.92). Factor analysis with varimax rotation was used to analyze the data.
Results:According to exploratory factor analysis, the 38 variables were classified into six categories of environmental, cultural, psychological, security, protective and managerial. The results showed that the most important item was "the experienced professional players, coaches, and referees" (M=4.42, SD=0.81). The least important component was "the intangible controls of officers" (M=3.26, SD=1.37). The factors affecting fan behavior improvement were ranked managerial, environmental, psychological, protective, cultural, and security factors respectively.
Conclusion: According to research findings, considering the managerial factors and training the efficient human resources can be as an effective step in the improvement of fan behavior.