بهینه یابی فضایی در راستای توسعه نظام ساخت و بهره برداری پروژه‌های ورزشی با استفاده ازGIS

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری دانشگاه مازندران

2 استاد مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه مازندران، مازندران، ایران

3 استاد مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

10.22124/jsmd.2022.5736

چکیده

هدف:  امروزه دسترسی عادلانه به زمین و استفاده بهینه از آن و ساماندهی مکان از مؤلفه های اساسی توسعة پایدار و آمایش فضا محسوب می شود. در همین راستا هدف از تحقیق حاضر توسعه نظام ساخت و بهره برداری پروژه‌های ورزشی از منظر آمایش سرزمین با استفاده از (GIS) است.
روش‌شناسی: تحقیق حاضر، توصیفی و پیمایشی و به صورت میدانی در محدوده تحقیقاتی استان نوظهور البرز انجام گرفت. به این صورت که در گام اول با هدف تعیین مهم ترین معیارهای موثر بر گزینش محل احداث اماکن ورزشی از روش اسنادی و روش دلفی فازی استفاده شد. در بخش دلفی فازی پرسشنامه ها در اختیار 14 نفر از خبرگان در سه مرحله قرار گرفت و نتایج منجر به وزن دهی معیارهای مؤثر بر آمایش فضایی اماکن ورزشی شد. در گام دوم به منظور تعیین موقعیت اماکن موجود و انتخاب مناطق بهینه احداث اماکن ورزشی جدید، اطلاعات توصیفی و مکانی لازم جمع آوری و با استفاده از نرم افزارهای Excel و AutoCAD  به ورودی نرم افزار GIS تبدیل شد و در نرم افزار ArcGIS یکپارچه گردید و در نهایت جایگاه فضاهای ورزشی و نواحی شهری جهت احداث اماکن جدید مشخص گردید.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحقیق در گام اول نشان داد که از بین معیارهای استخراج شده نهایتاً ده معیار مؤثر بر مکان یابی اماکن ورزشی در استان البرز انتخاب شدند و به ترتیب وزن استفاده شدند. در گام دوم موقعیت بیشتر اماکن ورزشی موجود اداره ورزش و جوانان در استان البرز در وضعیت فضایی متوسط و  بالاتر از متوسط بدست آمد و در ادامه با در نظر گرفتن معیارهای پژوهش، نواحی محدوده مطالعاتی تحقیق که در وضعیت بسیار مناسب قرار داشتند جهت احداث پروژه های ورزشی جدید پیشنهاد گردیدند
نتیجه‌گیری: در مجموع با توجه به نتایج امکان پیشنهاد نواحی مساعد جهت احداث اماکن ورزشی براساس معیارهای مطرح از منظر آمایش سرزمین در تحقیق حاضر وجود دارد. برحسب آمایش فضایی-مکانی، بیشتر اماکن ورزشی موجود در سطح استان در موقعیت‌های متوسط و بالاتر متوسط قرار دارند، در همین راستا بهینه یابی فضایی می‌تواند جهت بهبود بیشتر وضعیت موجود مورد استفاده قرار گیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Spatial optimization in order to develop the system of construction and operation of sports projects by GIS

نویسندگان [English]

  • zeinab anet 1
  • seyed mohamad hosein Razavi 2
  • seyysd nasrollah sajjadi 3
1 PhD in Sport Management University of Mazandaran
2 Professor of Sport Management, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran,
3 Professor of Sport Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: Today, equitable access to land and its optimal use and location organization are essential components of sustainable development and space planning. In this regard, the purpose of this study is development of the construction and operation of sport projects in terms of land use planning using geographic information system.
Methodology: The present study was a descriptive, survey and took place in the Alborz province. As a first step, the library and fuzzy Delphi methods were used to determine the most important criteria affecting the selection of sports places. In the fuzzy Delphi section, the questionnaires were distributed to 14 experts in three Delphi stages and the results led to the selection and weighting of criteria affecting the spatial land use of sports places. The second step is to determine the development situation and the needs and shortcomings of the existing sports facilities and to select the optimal areas for the construction of new sports facilities, descriptive and spatial information was collected and converted into GIS software input using Excel and AutoCAD software.
Results: In the first step, the results showed that among the extracted criteria, 10 criteria were selected which were effective on sport sites locating in Alborz province and were used respectively of weight and importance. In the second step, according to the findings, most of the available sport places in Alborz province were in medium and above average spatial condition, in addition, considering the research criteria, the areas that were in very good condition were proposed for new sports projects construction.
Conclusion: Overall, the results suggest suitable areas for construction of sport facilities in terms of land use on the basis of the criteria laid down in the present study. According to spatial-spatial planning, most of the sports venues in the province are in average and above-average positions, so spatial optimization can be used to further improve the current situation.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Location
  • sports venues
  • GIS
  • Alborz province
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